Border Control

The rules ofáentering andáleaving depend onáRussiaĺs intergovernmental agreements with other states onámutual trips ofácitizens, which constantly change. Theámost complete andáveracious information canábeáobtained ináconsular offices ofátheáRussian Foreign Ministry andáináRussian embassies ináyour country.

Checking forávalid documents entitling aátraveller toácross theástate border, visas oráother permits toáenter aáforeign state isátheáresponsibility ofátheátransporting company (carrier ofápassengers) except asámayáotherwise beáprovided ináinternational treaties ofátheáRussian Federation.

Aátransporting company (carrier ofápassengers) contravening theárules andárequirements ofáentry into orátransit through theáterritory ofátheáRussian Federation will beábrought toáadministrative responsibility ináconformity with theáRussian legislation inátheáform ofáaáfine inátheáamount from 50á000árubles foráeach passenger.

Also, theápassenger will beáadministratively detained andábrought toáadministrative responsibility inátheáform ofáaáfine inátheáamount from 2á000árubles with subsequent exclusion ofátheáforeign citizen oráperson without citizenship from theáRussian Federation toátheácountry from which he/she arrived orátoátheástate ofáhis/her nationality onátheáproximate flight ofátheásame airline.

Russian Citizens Leaving and Entering the Russian Federation

The main documents certifying theáidentity ofáaáRussian citizen andáused foráRussian citizensĺ exit from andáentry into theáRussian Federation are:

  • passport;
  • diplomatic passport;
  • service passport;
  • seafarerĺs passport /áidentity card;
  • certificate foráreturn toátheáRussian Federation (only foráreturn toátheácountry).

Aácitizen ofátheáRussian Federation mayánotábeádeprived ofáhis/her right toáenter Russia otherwise than onátheágrounds andáaccording toátheáprocedure provided forábyátheáFederal Lawáináforce. IfáaáRussian citizen hasálost his/her identity document outside theáRussian Federation oráifásuch document hasáexpired, theácitizen must apply toátheánearest diplomatic mission oráconsular office ofátheáRussian Federation, where heáwill beáissued aácertificate foráreturn toátheáRussian Federation certifying his/her identity andáentitling him/her toáenter (return to)áRussia. IfátheáRussian citizen hasánotáapplied toáaádiplomatic mission oráconsular office ofátheáRussian Federation toáobtain theácertificate foráreturn toátheáRussian Federation, such citizen will, upon arrival ináRussia, beáadministratively detained until establishment ofáidentity andábrought toáadministrative responsibility inátheáform ofáaáfine inátheáamount from 2á000árubles.

The right ofáaáRussian citizen toáexit theáRussian Federation mayábeátemporarily limited inácases when he/she:

1) having access toáinformation ofáespecial importance orátopásecret information classified asástate secret ináconformity with theáRussian lawáonástate secret, hasáconcluded aálabor contract involving temporary limitation ofátheáright toáexit theáRussian Federation onácondition that theáperiod ofálimitation mayánotábeámore than five years from theádayáofátheálast familiarization ofátheáperson with information ofáespecial importance orátopásecret information Ś until expiry ofátheáperiod ofálimitation established byátheálabor contract oráináconformity with prevailing Federal legislation;

2) has, ináconformity with Russian legislation, been called upáforámilitary service orádirected toáalternative civil service Ś until ending ofátheámilitary service oráalternative civil service;

3) hasábeen detained onásuspicion ofáhaving committed aácrime orábrought upáasáaccused Ś until rendering ofáaádecision onátheácase oráentry into legal force ofáaácourt judgement;

4) hasábeen convicted forácommission ofáaácrime Ś until completion (execution) ofátheápunishment oráuntil relief from theápunishment;

5) evades performance ofátheáobligations imposed onáhim/her byácourt Ś until fulfilment ofátheáobligations oráuntil achievement ofáaáconsensus byátheáparties;

6) hasácommunicated knowingly false information about him/herself during formalization ofádocuments toáexit theáRussian Federation Ś until aádecision onátheáquestion within oneámonth byátheábody formalizing such documents.

Minor Russian Citizens Leaving and Entering the Russian Federation

At crossing theástate border, aáminor Russian citizen proceeding jointly with atáleast onáofáhis/her parents (adopter, guardian orátutor) mayáexit theáRussian Federation under aádocument certifying his/her identity outside Russia oráhaving been written into his/her parentĺs (adopterĺs, guardianĺs orátutorĺs) foreign-travel passport issued before 1áApril 2010, theáphotograph being obligatory foráchildren ofá6áorámore years ofáage. áAlongside with that, theáphotograph ofátheáchild andátheárecord ofátheáchildren written into theáforeign-travel passport must obligatorily bear theáseal ofátheábody having issued theádocument andátheásignature ofátheáofficial ofáthat body. Itáisárecommended that parents leaving theáRussian Federation with minor children under foreign-travel passports forádifferent surnames have with them aádocument confirming theádegree ofákindred (birth certificate).

If aáminor Russian citizen isáleaving theáRussian Federation unaccompanied byátheáparents (adopters, guardians orátutors), he/she must have with him/her, beside theápassport, aánotarial consent ofátheásaid persons toátheáexit ofátheáminor Russian citizen specifying theáperiod ofáexit andátheástate(s) that he/she intends toávisit, theáconsent ofáoneáofátheáparents being sufficient unless aástatement hasácome ináfrom theásecond parent about his/her notágiving consent toáhis/her childĺs exit.

If oneáofátheáparents (adopters, guardians orátutors) declares that he/she does notágive consent toátheáminor Russian citizenĺs exiting theáRussian Federation, theáquestion ofápossibility ofáhis/her exiting theáRussian Federation isásettled ináaájudicial proceeding.

Foreign Citizens and Persons without Citizenship Leaving and Entering the Russian Federation

Foreign citizens andápersons without citizenship mayáenter andáexit theáRussian Federation under valid documents certifying their identity outside theástate ofánationality andárecognized byátheáRussian Federation ináthis capacity, except asámayáotherwise beáprovided ináinternational treaties ofátheáRussian Federation, provided they have aápermission toáenter Russia (Russian visa).

Foreign citizens orápersons without citizenship mayábeáunpermitted toáenter andáexit theáRussian Federation onátheágrounds provided forábyátheáprevailing Federal law.

Foreign citizens or persons without citizenship may be unpermitted to enter the Russian Federation if they:

1) have notábeen able, when applying forátheáRussian visa, toáconfirm having theámeans foráresiding inátheáterritory ofátheáRussian Federation andáexit from theáRussian Federation orápresent guarantees ofáproviding such means ináconformity with theáprocedure established byátheáGovernment ofátheáRussian Federation;

2) have contravened, atátheáRussian Federation State Border checkpoint, theárules ofácrossing theáState Border ofátheáRussian Federation, customs rules, sanitary norms Ś until elimination ofátheácontravention;

3) have communicated knowingly false information about themselves oráabout theápurposes ofátheir stay;

4) ifástay ofátheáforeign citizen oráperson without citizenship isánotádesirable ináRussia.

Foreign citizens or persons without citizenship are not permitted to enter the Russian Federation if:

1) itáisánecessary forátheápurpose ofáensuring theásecurity ofátheástate;

2) they were, during theáperiod ofátheir previous stay inátheáRussian Federation, convicted ináconformity with theáRussian legislation forácommitting aágrave oráespecially grave crime oráifáthey were, during theáperiod ofátheáprevious stay, excluded from theáRussian Federation byáenforcement Ś during five years after completion ofátheápunishment forátheácrime committed oráfrom theádayáofátheáexclusion byáenforcement;

3) they have notápresented documents necessary foráobtaining theáRussian visa ináconformity with Russian legislation Ś until presenting them;

4) they petition foráaáRussian visa foráaáperiod ofámore than three months andáhave notápresented theácertificate ofátheir notáhaving HIVáinfection Ś until presenting such certificate.

Transit travel through theáterritory ofátheáRussian Federation isáeffectuated, asáaárule, without aáright toástop. Transit travel through theáterritory ofátheáRussian Federation ofáforeign citizens andápersons without citizenship toátheástate ofádestination byáallátypes ofátransport isápermitted upon presentation ofáaáRussian transit visa, aávisa toáenter theástate contiguous with Russia onátheároute ofáproceeding oráaávisa ofátheástate ofádestination asáwell asátravel tickets valid foráexit from Russia with anáexact date ofáleaving.

Nizhny Novgorod Airport Checkpoint
Tel.: +7 (831) 269-31-80
Fax: +7á(831) 256-74-52

Confidential hotline:
Federal Security Service of Russia (Moscow)
Tel.:á+7 (495) 914-22-22
www.fsb.ru

For advice onácrossing theástate border,

  • Russian citizens should apply toátheápassport andávisa service ofátheáRFáatátheáplace ofáreceiving theáforeign-travel passport;
  • foreign citizens, toáembassies, consulates ofátheástate ofánationality located inátheáterritory ofáRussia.
facebook share
á
á
á